The University of Delhi has released the fifth cut-off list today on the official website.
The admission under the DU 4th cut-off list ended ended on June 17th. The DU 5th cut-off list will be all about filling the seats in the reserved category in most colleges.
So far, the University has filled 67,419 seats out of the total 62,000. After the release of DU 5th cut-off, the admissions will take place from July 20, which will also be the first day for those who have already completed the admission process.
The candidates should note that this year, the university will notify just five cut-off lists.
Check this space for the latest updates on the fifth cut-off.
Click here to check the fifth cut-off list P.G.D.A.V. (E) College.
Click here to check the fifth cut-off list for Gargi College.
Click here to check the fifth cut-off list for Satyawati College.
Click here to check the fifth cut-off list for Shyam Lal College.
Click below to check the comprehensive fifth cut-off lists:
Read on to get more insight into the course of Economics Honours provided in the University of Delhi.
What is the course about?
B.A. (Hons.) Economics is one of the most sought-after courses, in both exclusively commerce colleges and those that offer other courses as well. It boasts of some of the highest cut-offs each year.
In terms of its syllabus, the course includes various papers on Microeconomics,Macroeconomics, and others like Development Economics, Indian Economy, Introductory Econometrics, Mathematical Methods for Economics.
On the other hand, papers such as Political Economy, Applied Econometrics, Financial Economics, International Economics, Environmental Economics, and others form the diverse range of electives.
The course has a special requirement that applicants must include Mathematics as one of
their best of four subjects.
What are some top colleges for this course?
Some of the most prestigious colleges for the course include Shri Ram College of
Commerce, St Stephen’s College, Hansraj College, Lady Shri Ram College for Women,
Hindu College, and Miranda House.
What are some good career options?
Many students who opt for B.A. Economics (Hons.) go on to pursue higher studies in Economics or
apply for Masters in Business Administration . Some go into academia. Many students are placed successfully in consultancy firms or public sector undertakings.
A large number of Economics (Hons.) graduates are also hired as statisticians, financial
analysts and in fields of public policy, banking and financial services. Actuarial sciences are
also an emerging field open to Economics students.Other allied fields that students of Economics can pursue include corporate law and financial journalism. Some also appear for civil service examinations.
Are there any notable alumni?
The course boasts of a network of highly accomplished and notable alumni. Many of
them have gone on to occupy important positions in a wide range of fields and professions.
Some of these include-
1. Arun Shourie, Economist, Journalist and former Union Minister
2. Gita Gopinath, Economist and Academician
3. Kaushik Basu, Economist
4. Naina Lal Kidwai, Former Group General Manager of HSBC India and Former
President of FICCI
5. Vinod Rai, Former CAG of India
The 2018 cut-off lists for different colleges can be viewed on http://www.du.ac.in/cut-off.html
The University of Delhi is home to a lot of talent and uniqueness.We bring you a series of unconventional college societies that put their heart and soul into their respective fields.
1.Peace Society, Jesus and Mary College
Peace in itself is a wide emotion with no limits. Life of a student can be really hectic sometimes. Being a student, one has to strike a balance between studies and other activities, which can be stressful. So, the peace society stands for spreading peace and harmony within everybody and outside all around in the environment.
The society conducts various activities for the overall development of the members. The society has yoga and meditation sessions as well.
The society believes being at peace makes a person more productive.For this, talk sessions and seminars are organised. The members also get to learn how to remain calm and poised in every situation.
2.Puzzle Club, Jesus and Mary College
Puzzle is a world where no one can ever get to know everything, but only by constant activeness and willingness to know more one can cross half a mile.A person should have strong analytical and logical skills to be a member of this society. One should be able to identify all the tricks of any puzzle with reason and logic . The society believes that the members are like the puzzle pieces that stick together by their contribution towards the society to make it work as a whole.
3.Vision, Hansraj College
Vision, the newspaper society of Hansraj College started out as a secret society, aiming to connect every aspect of Hansraj with its students. In recent years, the society members have had more opportunities and practice to work, act and edit. This year’s college elections were actively covered by vision members. The society wants to encourage any hidden talent that might be stirring, which is why all members are expected to write and report regularly. The society believes in encouraging the members to see themselves as journalists whenever they report. Building future journalists is one of the goals of the society.
Vision constitutes four teams-editorial, technical, sponsorship, and photography. Some of the members have been interning or have interned at a number of places, one of them being the Hindustan Times.
Hindu College has had one of the largest lawns in North Campus and it also boasts of a large population of dogs, amphibians, and birds. Initiated by the Zoology Department, the society started striving to understand and preserve all these creatures with a couple of conservation strategies. The society is also participating in a project with World Wildlife Foundation.
A seminar on ‘Urban Naxalism- The Invisible Enemy’ was conducted in Hansraj College on 24th August by ‘Group of Intellectuals and Academicians (GIA)’. The seminar was attended by 500 people in a packed auditorium. It had filmmaker Vivek Agnihotri as the chief speaker, ABVP national organising secretary Sunil Ambedkar as chief guest, and Supreme Court advocate Monika Arora as keynote speaker.
The seminar started with a choir singing ‘Vande Mataram’ and the ceremonial lamp lighting by the guests. A representative of GIA highlighted the motto and the achievements of GIA since its inception.
Mr. Abhijit Majumdar, the editor of Mynation.com, demanded that textbooks should start calling Mao as a mass murderer. He stressed that there should be revamping of education system and reclamation of space to set the right kind of narratives. He criticized Dr. GN Saibaba for his links with Maoists.
Advocate Monica Arora, the convener of GIA was the next speaker in the lineup. She condemned the events at the JNU campus on the night of 9th February. She discussed the poster of the same night. “Ek zor lagana hai, inko poora nikaalne keliye… Kerala, media aur JNU mein hi toh baaki hain (We need to use force to throw them out…Rest are in Kerala, media, and JNU),” she said.
“Whatever happened in JNU in 2016 was problematic but one good thing happened — it exposed people with communist ideology hidden within the film industry, journalism, and universities. They had been working as sleeper cells” said Mr. Sunil Ambekar.
Dr. A K Bhagi, President of the National Democratic Teachers Front in DU highlighted the cases where Naxalism has been included in the curriculum as social movements.
“Islamist fundamentalist forces in the west and the communist forces in the east are trying to break India. After Independence, the minds of Indians have been colonised strategically”, said the chief speaker at the event, Mr. Agnihotri. He categorically highlighted that the idea of an empowered woman has been largely skewed by the left intelligentsia. He pressed that India will emerge as a superpower despite several challenges.
One thing that didn’t go down well with the students was the act of not taking questions at the end of the seminar. Students were not given a chance to engage with the panelists.
Mrs. Arora, who is the convenor of GIA, while talking to the DU Beat correspondent, highlighted the need of organising such seminars. She informed that GIA wishes to emerge as a questioning sane voice in a charged socio-political atmosphere.
The seminar drew its curtain with National Anthem being sung by the audience together which was followed by high tea.
The DU-famed Finance and Investment Cell of Hansraj College organised its flagship event ‘Finance Platter’ in association with Innolabz on October 27, 2017. The triad of scintillating events conducted this year was appreciated by everyone alike.
The event began with the lighting of the lamp ceremony conducted by Mr.Saurabh Chaturvedi, founder and CEO of Innolabz along with the society’s core team members. This was followed by the mock stock competition- ‘The Stockfather’, the prelims of which witnessed a crowd of over 300 participants speculating on various securities as per the news and rumours. The outcry round was a frenzy filled trading in the American, Chinese and Indian stocks. The auditorium resonated with sounds of deals and negotiations, some that closed and some that failed.
‘Prisonbreak-Narcos on Death Row’ was another event set in the sinister world of crime, drugs, and money-making. The selected teams were required to strategise their way to escape custody. One member of the team donned the role of a bureaucrat while the other became a terrorist, and the two together had to manage resources amongst their groups to terrorise various locations of the national capital.
The B-plan competition, ‘Power2Idea- Think. Plan. Execute’ had an illustrious judging panel which constituted Mr. Saurabh Chaturvedi, founder and CEO of Innolabz, and Mr. Rajesh Parekh, a Chartered Accountant having an experience of over 25 years in the finance industry. The most innovative 18 abstracts were shortlisted and those who made it to the final round then delivered a presentation of 7 minutes each, explaining their concept in detail. The judges were impressed with the quality and level of participation they witnessed in the event.” We were amazed and astonished by ideas presented before us. Thinking that bricks can be created out of cigarette butts or incense sticks that don’t emit smoke are any day out of the box. These ideas are worth incubating”, said Mr. Saurabh after the conclusion of the event.
When asked about the reason behind the successful turnout, Shubham Suri, President of the society said,” We have always tried to beat our own standards and innovate new events. This keeps the team focused on its objectives. We hope to witness the same level of enthusiasm and appreciation in our next fest as well.”
Hansraj college celebrated the inaugural ceremony of the sports council on the occasion of National sports day. The occasion was formally inaugurated by Dr Rama Sharma, Principal of Hansraj College by lightning the lamp with the department head, teachers & council members. In her address she spoke about how she desires to move forward not for individual sports or particular team sports but for sports for all, widening the extent of health and fitness in the institute through the council. A token of greeting to the Department from the President of the council, Ms Pracchi was received by Dr MP Sharma following his words of wisdom. He addressed how the life of a sports person is different from being a regular College student and how discipline, dedication and own gratitude to one’s performance should be worship of particular sports. felicitating Ms Pracchi as the President followed by the core team of 8 members which are Mr Sahil Delu as Vice president, Mr. Avinash Panwar as General Secretary, Mr. Divyansh Chauhan as Managing Director, Ms. Noor E Zehra as Editor in Chief, Mr. Saim Akhtar as Production Head, Mr. Akshat Kaushik as Executive Head, Ms. Parinita Saini and Ms. Divya Teres Kuriyan as Executive member. The ceremony of felicitation was completed by following performances by Vani & Ankur and graceful dance performance by Kavyakriti. The sports council will seek to organise and regulate several sports-related events for the college throughout the academic year. The Council also announced that an annual Hansraj Sports Magazine will be published by its editorial board.
The HSC organised the first field event ‘Manchala’ organised on 11th October, proved to be a grand success. Students across the University of Delhi actively participated in it. With a plethora of games, which included tug of war, sack race, partner race, spoon race, broad jump, throw the ball and flag picking race, being offered at a minimal entry fee of Rupees 20, almost everyone was eager for a second and even a third round. Manchala was a strong initiative to bring together students from different colleges of the University of Delhi and rejuvenate their spirit of sports that is lost amidst the hustle & bustle of college life.
Hansraj College, on 28th September, launched its very own chapter of ‘Cognizance’, a consultancy and knowledge-based society with branches in several colleges across the country. Cognizance Hansraj, established under the Placement Cell of the college, aims to provide an exposure into consultancy at a basic level by collaborating with industry experts for live-projects, knowledge building sessions, and the much-needed research acumen that a lot of students yearn for and aim to acquire during their college life. Owing to the severe lack of practical application of theoretical concepts in the Indian education system, a majority of students face extreme difficulty and pressure while applying for jobs as well as clearing entrance exams for higher education. This is where this society steps in and provides first-hand practical knowledge by ‘Putting Theory into Practice’, its ultimate motto.
Having just set out to explore the consultancy world, the society plans to invite various faculty members to come and work with them, thus providing the members an opportunity to indulge into highly interactive and informative sessions with various professors. Also, instead of normal update meetings, the society will keep rigorous brainstorming sessions wherein various plans of action brought in by different members of the society shall be discussed and the ones suited best for the current projects shall then be chosen and implemented. As more and more event organisation and management based societies come into being, Cognizance Hans Raj works upon the overall development and skill enhancement of its members, thereby making them more competent in solving real life problems.
Every year, the cultural societies in Delhi University work tirelessly to put their best foot forward and emerge as the winner. Likewise, this year, some teams managed to outshine others and win big at various college fests in the Varsity. We bring to you a series with the college societies that bagged the top positions during the fest season 2016-17.
The best college society in each category was selected by creating a tally of the top 3 positions at competitive events held during various cultural fests of this season. Whenever a society won the first prize they were awarded 3 points, for the second position they received 2 points.
In the Choreography category, Terpsi Chorean, Choreography Society of Hansraj College scored the maximum points. Terpsi Choreon’s 16 points were followed by Sparx, the Choreography Society of Gargi College (13 points). The third position was bagged by Sensation, the Choreography Society of Kirori Mal College (12 points).
The Winning Society at a glance
Terpsi Chorean, Hansraj College:
Their annual production named ‘The Unfading’ was a thrilling tale full of secrets and broken family ties, depicting the chilling effect that memory can have on us. It revealed how some of us obsess over some memories, run away from some, while others are repressed. The ten minute performance depicted how, contrary to popular belief, our memory is not our friend; it is a monster that controls us.
Palak Aneja, the President of the society says, “It feels extremely proud to have fought through all the odds and emerged victorious. Every word of appreciation from the audience brings a sense of accomplishment, because winning hearts is greater than just winning a competition. You can make the audience believe in your theme only when each team member truly believes in it. A lot of dedication and hard work goes behind the glorious victories, but nothing is impossible when we become each other’s strength, both on and off stage.
Palak Aneja – President
Anoushka Chopra – Public Relations Head
Shreyasee Sen – Treasurer
Winners Tally: Terpsi Chorean
Out of the considered fests this year, 8 had conducted a competitive Choreography event, namely Crossroads, Montage, Ullas, Tarang, Confluence, Mecca, Reverie and Nexus. Here is the list of winning performances by Terpsi Chorean (Hansraj College):
1st Position: Crossroads, Tarang, Montage, Nexus
2nd Position: Mecca, Reverie
(Hover over the icons to know more about their victories)
Design by Alex Arthur Picture Credits: Alex Arthur
Every year, societies from colleges across the campus compete neck to neck and put up spectacular performances during the fest season. This year too, saw certain teams shine a little brighter than the rest. We bring you a series with college societies that put their heart and soul into their respective fields and took home the top prizes at various cultural fests.
The best college society in each category was selected by creating a tally of the top 3 positions at competitive events held during various cultural fests of this season. Whenever a society won the first prize they were awarded 3 points, for the second position they received 2 points and for the third position, 1 point was added to their tally.
For the Battle of Bands category, Tantrik Steve scored the maximum points in the tally. Tantrik Steve‘s 8 points were followed by 3 points each with Hindu Collective of Hindu College and Common Threads of Shaheed Bhagat Singh College.
The Winning Society at a glance
Tantrik Steve, Hans Raj College
Battle of Bands is the face-off between bands, usually rock or metal bands, but often musical ac. from a range of different styles, competing for the title of the Best Band. This fest season in DU saw variety in the compositions of the different bands of DU. With the magically enthralling performances of the bands captivating the soul of the fests, the bass, drums and the charismatic vocals did not, for once, fail to awe the crowd. 2017 saw the emergence of Tantrik Steve of Hans Raj College as the best band of the season with various wins in different fests throughout the season.
Frontman Abhishek Mittal told, “The DU music scene has taken up a toll and I am really happy with the way bands are experimenting towards newer sounds.” He stated that the band comprises of eight members with different musical backgrounds, having their own flavour that added to the performance of their band. They were open to introducing new parts to the sound and they helped each other sound better apart from making their individual parts fathom into music. They performed their original compositions as well, titled ‘Kaise tum mere‘ and ‘Madhurgaanam‘.
Gagan Goel for Hindustani vocals
Sarath S Kumar for Carnatic vocals
Sayan Sinha on Bass
Dimpal Kumar on Drums
Abhishek Mittal on Lead Guitar
Shivash Chagti on Rhythm Guitar
Rohan Prasanna on Sarod
Kartik Balan on Mridangam
Four college fests were referred to while evaluating the top societies tally this fest season which were: Tarang, LSR; Ullas, KNC; Montage, JMC and Mecca, Hindu College.
The society emerged victorious at the following fests:
First Position in Montage, JMC
First Position in Mecca, Hindu College
Second position in Ullas, Kamla Nehru College
The band also won accolades at the fests of SBSC, St. Stephen’s College, PGDAV, IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur and Ambedkar University.
(Hover on the icons below to know more about their victories.)
Enactus, the global non-profit community which seeks to inspire action, has transformed communities in more than thirty-six countries with the help of visionary minds. Emphasising on the monumental impact of entrepreneurial action, the Enactus community has been working towards manifesting an independent world by generating employability through its unique projects. Colleges under the University of Delhi have established their presence through relentless efforts and have emerged successful in catering to the plethora of social issues plaguing thousands of lives. Here is a compilation of the events, projects, and achievements of the prominent Enactus societies of the University of Delhi.
The Ramjas chapter of this social venture commenced in 2011 and has successfully catered to three models of business since its inception. These include the Enactus Store, Project Bawarchi, and Project Transcreation. Enactus Store is an online platform which specifically caters to the products and services of Enactus teams all around the country. Project Transcreations seeks to help the transgender community to sustain their lives through providing them with entrepreneurial avenues such as cab driving, jewellery making, etc. They have also launched their very own beauty parlour in Saket solely run by transgenders. Project Bawarchi is a canteen exclusively being run by victims of drug and substance abuse near North Campus and is accompanied by food carts and tiffin delivery. The society has also conducted myriad events to serve the community this year. Under the umbrella of its Project Transcreations, Enactus Ramjas organised a transgender fashion show along with an LGBT pride march. It also conducted the biggest Enactus Festival in February of this year and saw a successful participation. Semi-finalists of Enactus Nationals 2016, the society has carried out more than 30 sensitisation campaigns related to drug abuse since the launch of the project.
Conceptualised in 2014, Enactus Hindu launched its Project Veerangana in this academic session. The social endeavour aims to propagate safety ideals for all by transforming young, unemployed women into self-defence instructors. The previous social campaigns of the society include Project Shreshth and Project Oorja. Their pilot project, Shresth, transformed a group of financially dependent women from the Badli Industrial Area, Rohini into self-sufficient entrepreneurs who manufacture and market incense sticks under the brand name ‘Aanchal Aggarbatis’. Project Oorja strives to preserve environmental balance by providing clean solar lighting solutions to tackle the menace of rising carbon footprints. Under its current project, the society introduced a campaign titled ‘Be A Veerangana,’ and witnessed two months of intensive offline and online promotions, encouraging women to share instances of harassment and breaking the taboo around crimes. At Mecca 2017, the annual cultural festival of Hindu College, their team conducted ‘Road to Safety,’ a unique? simulation of the streets of Delhi, with the objective of raising awareness about simple safety measures which can come in handy in our day-to-day lives. The animal community was also served with its ‘Warmth for Paws’ initiative to provide clothes to street dogs with sweaters made from discarded woollens in the bitter cold months of December and January.
One of the youngest members of the Enactus community, the Khalsa chapter of the non-profit endeavour germinated in August of last year. While their pilot project is currently under development, they successfully organised an awareness campaign within the college. Titled #LetsMakeGodTalk, the students of the college were induced to deliberate upon the social sphere. On Daan Utsav, the society also organised a visit to a girls’ shelter home and spent a day there with the kids playing games and interacting with them.
Enactus Miranda House
An active member of the social community, Enactus Miranda House has been the launching pad of four successful initiatives since its inception in 2011. Namely Project Zaffran, Project Jazba, Project Tarang, and Project Daryaft, the society aims to boost the issues of financial dependency amongst the women community, strengthening the standing of acid-attack survivors, developing environmentally complementing products, and enhancing the tourism sector, respectively. This year, the society organised a seminar – ‘Astitva’ in relation to Project Jazba, along with a seminar with Mr. Vikramjit Singh Rooprai on the occasion of Heritage Day under Project Daryaft. The annual festival of Enactus Miranda House – Impressa 2017, was organised with the theme ‘Breaking Stereotypes,’ and witnessed events such as open mics and movie screenings. In addition to organising a waste collection drive, the society has also conceptualised an internship programme ranging from the Campus Ambassador Program to Synergy, the Winter Internship Program to propagate ideals of entrepreneurship and initiative.
Perhaps the oldest member of the Enactus community, Enactus SRCC has been doing pertinent projects for a decade now. Some of their recent projects are as follows. Project Life On Wheels facilitates micro-credit for rickshaw pullers by enabling them to own their rickshaws. Project Aahaar is an initiative to rehabilitate underprivileged women by providing them with culinary training. Project Azmat was an endeavour to liberate manual scavengers by providing them with a sustainable source of livelihood through a development of a micro-enterprise and to facilitate construction of proper toilet systems. Project Sattva was an initiative to bring efficiency in India’s dairy sector by the rearing of high yielding cattle and value addition to milk through a mutually beneficial relationship. Project Asbah aimed at providing clean drinking water to rural households through the development and marketing of clay-based water filters produced by a community of potters. With projects like these, Enactus SRCC secured the second runners-up position at the Enactus Nationals 2016. They have received the prestigious KPMG grant and Walmart grant in recognition of the progress made by their projects.
Enactus Shaheed Bhagat Singh College
Since its formation in 2014, Enactus SBSC has come a long way with three socially relevant and inspiring initiatives. Their first project, Project Karva aimed at the upliftment of women. Under Project Roshni, visually impaired people were taught how to make candles as an attempt to become independent as well as self-sustaining. Inspired by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, they conceptualised their third project, Project Aahar, which seeks to provide affordable as well as hygienic food to people in need. Other than the projects, two fundraising campaigns were conducted this year. From 5th-7th October 2016, Campaign Umeed took place where members sold bookmarks and notebooks made by the specially challenged children of Deepalaya School. On the 109th birth anniversary of Bhagat Singh under Campaign Anghaar, candles made by the visually impaired to the students of Shaheed Bhagat Singh College were sold. Campaign Sparsh addressed the women residing at Anand Parbat and introduced them to NGO GOONJ’s ‘My Pad’ – a kit that contains undergarments, sanitary pads, and a manual on menstrual health. They also addressed the issue of child sexual abuse as it is one of the major evils surrounding Anand Parbat through organising interactive activities for the children and showing videos that demonstrated the difference between appropriate and inappropriate touching.
Enactus Maitreyi College
Established in 2014, Enactus Maitreyi is currently working in collaboration with the National Coalition of People Living with HIV on their third project – Project Samya. True to its name, Project Samya aims at bringing equality to women affected with HIV who are evidently socially excluded and are often forced to quit their jobs. Enactus Maitreyi’s first project, Unnayan, helped the women of Mayur Vihar to make and market a liquid dishwasher, ‘Clean Ninja’ for them to become self-reliant. They launched their second project, Swadhin in 2016, with the aim of helping the physically impaired community by equipping them with entrepreneurial skills. This year the society started its own plantation drive. Other than this, Enactus Maitreyi purchased stationery items for the specially-abled students of Anukriti School, with its own funds by keeping aside INR 2 from the sale of every product. To raise funds, Enactus Maitreyi launched a fundraising campaign called,#IDidMyBit, which was conducted over a period of 2 months. A photo booth in Connaught Place was also created to raise money.
Enactus Sri Venkateswara College
Conceived in 2015, Enactus Sri Venkateswara College has been appreciated for its innovation and uniqueness of projects. The society has successfully churned out three projects, namely Project Captain Compost, Project Aushadhi, and Project CiggB. Project Captain Compost aims to provide a solution to the garbage menace in the city while uplifting the social and economic status of ragpickers at the same time, and Project Aushadhi merged the two issues of homelessness and medicinal waste. Winner of the Blue Dart Grant worth INR 40,000, the society launched Project CiggB this year which focuses on the disposal and recycle of used cigarette butts. To establish a communal outreach, they organised stalls in the fests of Hindu College, Indraprastha College for Women, Kamala Nehru College among others, along with stalls and exhibitions under ‘Heartist,’ where they provided a platform for street artists to showcase their skills and sell their products. In association with ‘People for Animals’ and Enactus SRCC, Enactus SVC also set up a winter cloth collection drive in December 2016. They have also collaborated with ‘Parivartan’, the social service society of Sri Venkateswara College for interaction and skill development of slum children and organised a special event for them to celebrate Children’s Day.
Enactus Hans Raj
A cognizant member of the Enactus community, Hansraj College’s Enactus has been running four projects since its commencement in 2011. Project Lekhni has been successful in helping five women from Jhandewalan to rise from the status of victims to the masters of their lives, Project Boond seeks to solve the problem of clean drinking water for the underprivileged masses by providing them with low-cost water purifiers that run without electricity, and Project Mithaas is an endeavour aimed towards providing a stable source of income to farmers in India by encouraging them to adopt beekeeping as a practice. Enactus HRC conceptualised Project Aaangan this year to provide day-care facilities to working women of lower income strata. Winner of the Best Project for showcasing the spirit of VEER at Enactus Nationals 2016, Enactus HRC has, in addition, conducted a donation drive for Project Aangan. Aashayein’16 was an initiative for the kids of an NGO Navjyoti to help them experience the dream they wished to live. It was a small drive by Enactus Hans Raj to fulfill wishes and spark a fire in them by overcoming challenges.