With the era of Post-globalization dawning upon us, migration has become the most widely discussed and misunderstood issue across the world. 

Since the beginning of his presidential campaign, Donald Trump has been pressing for a wall to be built on the US-Mexico border, in order to prevent illegal immigration of Mexican workers into the States. Misinformation mixed with xenophobia led to people believing Trump and voting him to power in 2015. Since then, policies have been targeted to cease the flow of people across borders. But do people really want to leave?

Xenophobia is at its peak, thanks to populist leaders who keep adding fuel to the fire. Economic impacts of the same have been grossly miscalculated by the people. A survey of 22,500 native respondents from six countries revealed massive misperceptions about the number and composition of immigrants. In Italy, for example, the average perception of the share of immigrants is 26 per cent, while the actual number is close to 10 per cent. The share of certain communities is also overestimated by such respondents.

Aversion to immigrants stems from a basic concept of Economics, demand and supply. People think that an increase in the number of people seeking jobs would lead to a fall in the wage rate. While the logic seems fine on the outset, it is flawed to the core. First, immigration might result in an increase in labour supply, but it is also accompanied by an increase in demand for goods and services, which vacates better jobs for the natives. Second, people do not wish to move in the first place, owing to a number of reasons. There is a greater risk involved in leaving the land where they grew up, a lack of connections to begin a new life, and a feeling of complacency which makes them stay home.

Natives of the West believe that migrants arrive on their shores to escape dire levels of poverty in their own nations, which is false on many levels. Places like Iraq, Syria, or Yemen, where people seem desperate to leave, are far from being the poorest in the world. Per capita income of these countries is fairly high, which dismantles the belief held by people of first world countries. People trying to escape these nations do so due to the collapse of everyday normality at their home. As written by the Nobel prize winners of 2019, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, ‘(these people) were running from the mouth of the shark. And when that happens, it is almost impossible to stop them, because in their minds there is no home to return to’.

Most people do not get a chance to migrate, even if they wish to, due to lack of resources and a dependence on a lottery of some sort. And others prefer to stay at home. Risk is one factor. Potential migrants overestimate the risk of dying, which makes them stay in their own country. A lack of connections is another crucial factor. Most employers do not hire simply on the basis of the wage rate. Even if a person is willing to work at a rate lower than the minimum, the degree of scepticism won’t go down. An employer would hire on the basis of trust, which can only be established if there is a connection with the worker in some way. This is the reason why most people living in a commune flock to the same place, as the necessary connections have already been established as a result of continuous migration.
Migrants also carry a fear of failure with them, which makes them think twice before leaving. Like ordinary people, they wish to protect their image among their kin, and therefore choose to stay.

There is good evidence that people hate mistakes of their own making. A concept called “Loss Aversion”, given by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, tells us that people wish to avoid any loss that may worsen their life in comparison to the status quo. This explains why many buyers end up choosing expensive “extended warranties”. 

A factor that goes unaccounted for by most economists is the migrants’ affinity to their motherland. The comforts of home cannot be denied, even by a person who’s barely surviving somewhere. Warsan Shire, a British Somali poet wrote:


no one leaves home unless

home is the mouth of a shark

you only run for the border

when you see the whole city running as well

your neighbours running faster than you

breath bloody in their throats

the boy you went to school with

who kissed you dizzy behind the old tin factory

is holding a gun bigger than his body

you only leave home

when home won’t let you stay.

Feature Image Credits: Al Jazeera

Kuber Bathla

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Getting into a high-ranking college is everyone’s dream, but University of Delhi’s (DU) high cut-offs make it difficult for the aspirants to get into their dream college. However, the inter-college migration system offers a second chance to the students to turn their dreams into reality.

Amidst the sky-high cut-offs, limited seats, and a large number of applicants, it becomes difficult for the students to get admission in the college of their choice. The migration process in DU offers a second chance to the students to migrate to their dream college in the second year. It gives a chance to the students to study in one of the renowned colleges. However, according to the University of Delhi, “Migration is not a right; it is only a permissive facility and not an obligatory one. It all depends upon both incoming and outgoing colleges concerned; therefore, the policy of Reservation in Migration for both Inter-College & Inter-University is not applicable.”

  1. Students pursuing B.A. Programme & B.Com., B.A. (Honours), B.Com. (Honours), B.Sc. (Honours) are eligible to migrate to another college in their third semester.
  2. Securing passing marks in all the papers in the first and second semester is a necessary requirement.
  1. Students are not allowed to migrate from a regular college to School of Open Learning (SOL) or the Non-Collegiate Women’s Education Board (NCWEB).
  2. Migration is allowed from one college to another only in the same course.
  3. Only undergraduate students can apply for migration.
  4. Migration is only allowed in the third semester.
  1. The No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Head of both the colleges, that is, the one where the candidate is presently studying, and the other where he/she wants to migrate.
  2. A leaving certificate from the college.
  3. Mark sheets of the examinations passed.

A student who applied for migration last year told DU Beat that the migration process is very hectic and the outcome is unpredictable. He further added, “Most of the times, contacts are needed in order to migrate and there are no specific criteria apart from having passed all the examinations. It is completely up to the colleges concerned. Getting the NOC from both the colleges is a real task and you require contacts for that. Many times, students with 9 CGPA also fail to get into the college of their choice, while students with lesser scores get through it.”


Feature Image Credits: Akarsh Mathur for DU Beat


Priya Chauhan

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The high cut-offs of the University of Delhi (DU) makes it difficult for students to get into a college of their choice. However, DU offers its students a second chance to migrate to college of their choice, turning dreams into reality.

University of Delhi boasts of some of the best colleges in the country. Some colleges have excellent departments in certain subjects, but they sometimes lack in other subjects. The sky-rocketing cut-off lists, limited seats, and high number of applications make it difficult for students to pursue the subject of their choice in the most sought-after colleges of DU. However, the migration process acts as a blessing in disguise for people hoping to study in the renowned colleges. It must be kept in mind though, that according to the University of Delhi, “Migration is not a right; it is only a permissive facility and not an obligatory one. It all depends upon both incoming and outgoing colleges concerned; therefore, the policy of Reservation in Migration for both Inter-College & Inter-University is not applicable.”


1) The migration process is applicable for students pursuing B.A. Programme & B.Com., B.A. (H), B.Com (H), B.Sc.(H) courses for students in their 3rd semester.
2) The student must have passed both the semesters of his/her first year.

3) The student must be enrolled in an undergraduate course offered by the University.

Note: Some colleges may release their own separate guidelines for eligibility, which can be accessible through the official website of the respective college.

Important points to keep in mind:
1) Candidates are not allowed from regular college to migrate to the School of Open Learning (SOL) or the Non-Collegiate Women’s Education Board (NCWEB).
2) Migration is not allowed from one college to another in a different course.
3) Migration is not allowed in Post Graduate (PG) courses.
4) The applications for migration from one college of the University to another shall be only entertained by the principal of the college from which migration is sought. There should be written consent from both the principals of the colleges concerned, to obtain the No Objection Certificate (NOC).

5) Once a student migrates from one college to another, the student cannot change their college.

Documents needed:
1) The No Objection Certificate from both the heads of the colleges’ i.e. the one where the student is studying and the one where the student wants to migrate to.
2) Leaving Certificate from the college.
3) Mark sheets of the examinations passed.

Note: Any photocopied documents submitted must be self attested. The student can collect their original certificates back after submission.

Migration is a tough task to execute. Students should have proper, solid reasons to migrate to the college of their choice.


Feature Image Credits: The Financial Express

Disha Saxena

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The entire year is dotted with an array of International days dedicated to valid and important causes. In this list, 11th December is considered the International Mountain by the United Nations General Assembly, since 2003. According to the UN website, International Mountain Day is “observed every year with a different theme relevant to sustainable mountain development. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is the U.N. organisation mandated to lead observance of all related festivities.

The theme for 2017 is Mountain under Pressure: climate, hunger, migration. The present facts presented by the FAO say that ninety percent of the world’s mountain dwellers live in developing countries, where a vast majority lives below the poverty line and one out of three faces the threat of food insecurity.

India’s wide landscape is dotted with mountain ranges that hold breathtaking landscapes, diversity of flora and fauna, and native communities. We also have the youngest and the oldest mountains in the world – the Himalayas and the Aravalli Range. While both Himalayas and the Aravallis are very different, there is one commonality they share: both mighty ranges face acute indifference in terms of state conservation efforts.
Mountains provide about 60 to 80 percent of the world’s freshwater. This freshwater, which is under threat from overpopulation and encroachment, is stored in glaciers and lakes. As water tables in hills are depleting, the migration is increasing. According to Down to Earth, the three districts of Uttrakhand that have registered the highest migration rates are also the districts that have witnessed maximum depletion in water sources.

This year’s theme highlights the issue of migration in the mountains. In India, Uttrakhand is seeing the worse cases of migration from hills to plain. As per Census 2011, of Uttarakhand’s 16,793 villages, 1,053 have no inhabitants, and another 405 have a population of less than 10.  There are many reasons why relocation is on the rise. The reasons range from lack of better opportunities, unemployment, climate change, and government’s apathy towards hill folks.

Old and quaint villages, immortalised by the works of writers like Ruskin Bond, are dying a slow death. The picturesque places are silently fading into an oblivion as their inhabitants move to the cities. However, a few brave individual and organisations like Sushil Ramola, Pratibha Krishnaiah, and Divya Rawat are trying to infuse life back in our ghost villages. As responsible citizens, we must do our best to support their efforts.


Feature Image Credits: Niharika Dabral

Niharika Dabral

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Getting into one’s dream college may not always turn out be a reality, but Delhi University gives the aspirants a second chance to migrate to the college of their choice.

The migration procedure in University of Delhi allows students to migrate from one college to another of their choice. It is a boon for those who aimed to get into top colleges but couldn’t due to the high cut-offs. However, it is to be noted that according to University of Delhi, ‘Migration is not a right; it is only a permissive facility and not an obligatory one. It all depends upon both incoming and outgoing Colleges concerned; therefore, the policy of Reservation in Migration for both Inter-College & Inter-University is not applicable.’

The University of Delhi also allows Inter- University migration only on the grounds that the parents or guardian of the student is living in Delhi or has migrated to Delhi. It is applicable for B.A Programme and B.Com Programme students in their third semester. Inter college migration is provided by the University in B.A, B.Com, B.A (Hons), B.Com (Hons) and B.Sc. (Hons) in the 3rd semester.

There are some general rules and conditions for the process which are as follows:-

  • Students cannot migrate from a regular college to School of Open Learning(SOL) or Non Collegiate Women’s Education Board(NCWEB)
  • Students cannot migrate to another college in a different course.
  • Students cannot migrate in the fifth semester or third year.
  • Students cannot migrate at the Post-Graduate level.


Only students who have passed both the semesters of first year of degree course under semester mode are eligible. Migration can be sought during the office hours till August 31 (tentatively). There documents that are required are:-

  • No Objection Certificate from the Head of the College where the student is studying as well as where he/she wants to migrate.
  • A leaving certificate from the Head of the concerned college.
  • Mark sheets of the examination already passed.



Feature Image credits- Yo Search

Anukriti Mishra

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Karan Singhania

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Every year more than 1.5 lakh students join School of Open Learning, many of whom migrate from regular colleges. What drives students to take this decision?

One of the most common reasons is that as students get promoted to higher semesters, the pressure of college attendance takes a toll on their career aims. Unable to handle the tuitions along with regular classes, the School of Open Learning witnesses a lot of migrations. A number of professional courses like Charted Accountancy and Actuarial Sciences, to name a few, demand work experience or articleship before students can move to higher levels. This is impossible to continue with regular classes and so SOL or correspondence becomes the only option for students intent on completing the course with their degree.

Many students enroll themselves in Delhi University to experience the carefree and fun life that the colleges in DU seem to offer. Being a part of SOL takes that away- the fests, the societies, the friends, and everything else. But it does give students plenty of time to focus on life ahead and excel in their professional course of choice.

SOL and regular colleges give a student the same platform except that regular colleges give students a sense of satisfaction of studying under the aegis of Delhi University, while SOL doesn’t. The criteria to enter management institutes like the IIMs and ISBs are the same for both, School of Open Learning and regular DU colleges, thus motivating students even from “top” colleges like SRCC and Hans Raj to take the leap.

But the fact that a degree isn’t always sufficient to propel students to positions they are capable of, and that the environment of a college does do plenty to ready a student for life after college, the decision to shift to School of Open Learning must be backed with unrelenting motivation and hard work.

Image Credits: dishapublication.com

Animesh Agarwal

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Migration, the process by which a student can change his/her college within the University while not having to repeat a year of education, is a boon for meritorious students who might have not made it to their college of choice initially. Before 2011, migration was a clearly stated policy in most college brochures/handbooks and the practice was fairly common.

Come 2011 and enter the semester system. The migration policies suddenly go off the records; it does not find a mention in any college prospectus. The reasons offered in hushed tones is that colleges doesn’t want to complicate an already complex scenario by working out how a student would migrate through semesters, and how marks would be carried forward and how the conflicting optional-papers system would be worked out.

This however, does not imply that migrations are disallowed. There exists a file in the DU website, a file record of an amendment to Ordinance IV, relating to migrations. It clearly states that migrations are still allowed, and can now even occur across universities (as per new rules)! The rules more or less remain the same as before.

The policy change has puts questions before us : why is migrations being down-played by the University? Why is it so that our correspondent, who visited the SOL for migration, is told “There are no migrations allowed as of date, we shall let you know if there is a change in policies.” Why is so that staff members in various North Campus colleges where we reached out either refuse to comment or state that migrations are disallowed?

The dean’s office at the University says that the website needs to be updated and that colleges do allow migrations. This statement comes amidst reports that the last date to apply for migrations (as found out from college sources directly) at Hindu College and GGS College are already past. For the immediate attention of interested students, Khalsa College, among a possibly larger list, is still accepting applications!

Being a government-funded university, it is of paramount importance that transparency is followed at all levels. Delhi University should take steps to make information available at all levels. Migrations are an across-the-University issue and require immediate attention as far as updating the website is concerned. Colleges also need to work keeping student’s welfare in mind. Difficulty faced by colleges in admitting migration students indicates a flaw in the system for which a meritorious student should not be penalized.


Arnav Das
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Photo credits: Additi Seth 

‘Life is a race’, realized when I  migrated from Deshbandhu College to Sri Venkateswara college a.k.a Venky. The experience of this transition is worth sharing. Some call it a transition but I consider it as a “miss appropriation”. The changeover was not a cake walk; acclimatizing to the new climate was extremely difficult owing to not only the fact that students over here were brilliant at academics but also that they talked like any top notch journalist or political commentator.

Turns out that academics became the least of my worries; one can’t expect from a 20 year old who spent most of his life in a mundane boy’s school to concentrate on studies if he his presented with a chance to study in one of the most ‘glamorous’ colleges of D.U.  As hard as you try not to stare at them, every moment in college you are spellbound by some or the other girl. Things become worse, when after all the deliberate effort to avoid it, one has to ‘unwantedly’ sit in the lecture hall beside some of the most beautiful female folk of our college. All your sensory nerves are on high alert, you become conscious about every move you make, pretending like everything is normal but you only know that your world has turned upside down.

‘Unwantedly’ not because one doesn’t want to savour these moments, but because one hasn’t mastered the art of being comfortable in such a situation. You feel inferior and out of place when you see your co-educated metropolitan classmates extremely confident and well situated in such occasions. Here the situation is analogous to the movie “Love Aaj Kal” where our metropolitan counterpart is similar to Jai (the younger Saif) who had loads of affairs and people like me can relate to Veer Singh (sardar ji) who had only one affair in his whole life (in our case that one affair is also quite rare).

So boys like us usually end up forming groups like FOSLA (Frustrated One Sided Lovers Association) or NGO (Non Girlfriend’s Organization).

If by any chance one of our FOSLA* brothers gets lucky and  enters into a relationship, it improves their social status. The telecom sector is the core beneficiary of this status elevation. So much so that a couple or more of such cases could actually recover the losses of the 2G scam. Speculating about this former FOSLA member’s love life becomes a more important discussion than the Indian economy or Barack Obama.

A year has passed now and even after opting for Feminism over United Nations as a subject in my third year political science course, I still lack the mannerism required to converse with a female colleague. Engulfed with inferiority complex, fighting with “identity fracture”, I have no clue how this war between middle class values and college corporate culture will culminate. But one thing I observed and would like to convey to all our FOSLA brothers that one doesn’t need a Royale Enfield, dolle-sholle or ek liter doodh to mark his presence in Venky.

Disclaimer: – The writer does not intend to offend any group or sex. It’s a mere depiction of one’s experience. If there is any kind of resentment caused, it is deeply regretted. Your feedback is welcomed at [email protected] .

Vyom Anil

Pol. Sc. (H) III year

Sri Venkateswara College