United Nations


COVID-19 and lockdowns are not only having a toll on our daily lives but are also causing a noticeable shift in the type of criminal activities.

With people locked amidst the walls of their homes, there is a significant change in the techniques and statistics of crimes globally. There has been a roughly 20% drop in the crime rates, however, this comes along with signs of an increase in domestic violence and cyber frauds. For a crime to take place the contact of the criminal with its potential target is imperative, since lockdown has changed our movement activities, there is a similarly dramatic change in the distribution of criminal activities.

The shortage in the supply of face masks and medical equipment has made them the new targets for theft. There have been examples where thieves have been found stealing Oxygen canister from hospitals, raids on food banks, scams, and counterfeit goods relating to coronavirus have been observed. Staying indoors will also cause an increase in child abuse. As per the statistics of 2016, 40% of the child assault and abuse took place at homes by mothers and fathers. Now, the open of liquor shops and stores in Delhi has a probability of worsening the situation, for both children as well as women.

The pandemic has resulted in diverting the entire attention of the policymakers and police towards finding its cure. This has provided the criminal group to enhance their scope in illegal markets dealing in drugs and trafficking. Certain reports are even suggestive of the expenditure by the criminal markets on this disruption. A plane was sighted landing at Osvaldo Vieira Airport on 18th March – after the airports have been shut for preventing the spread of pandemic – it raised strong suspicions that the closure was being used as a guide to land planes carrying cocaine.

With the increase in the demand for medical supplies, the sale of counterfeit medical supplies has surged from the very start of the outbreak, as has been suggested by the smuggling and theft of medical supplies. Authorities in Iran, Ukraine, and Azerbaijan have intercepted attempts to smuggle essential stocks of medical face masks and hand sanitizer. In Italy, police have seized counterfeit masks in several regions. Adverts for masks have emerged on dark-web forums, while hundreds of sites on the open web market discounted masks that may not be legitimate, or even exist.

With no permission to go out, people have been spending most of their time online this has lead to a promotion of illicit business, especially those which are cyber oriented. A number of cyber phishing scams have already emerged, where trustworthy sources, such as the World Health Organisation have been hacked to gather information or spread malware content. INTERPOL has issued a warning against frauds whereby people are tricked into buying non-existent medical supplies, making payments intended for medical care into accounts controlled by criminals. It is estimated that millions of dollars have already been lost by the victims of such scams.

With a greater amount of free time and lockdown the online porn industry will undergo advancement. Pornhub has already made its premium version free, while this site is legal, the increased demand will provoke the criminal groups to trick and exploit sex workers, drug users, and other vulnerable people. The FBI has issued a warning that children who home-school, play games online, and use social media during school closures may be targeted by sexual predators, as they spend extended time online. Other online scams targeting the economic vulnerabilities of people such as lotteries and fraudulent investment schemes are also coming into play.

Indoor criminal activities have got a significant increase during the lockdown. In India, the National Commission for Women had received a total of 587 complaints from 23rd March to 16th April, out of which 239 are of domestic violence. According to data shared by the NCW, 123 cases of domestic violence were received between February 27 and March 22. In the last 25 days, the commission received 239 more such complaints. This locking of the abuser and victim in the same home has resulted in a steep rise in Domestic violence cases in India. The UN chief António Guttered called for measures to address the “horrifying global surge in domestic violence.” In one of his tweets he mentioned, “peace is not just the absence of war. Many women under lockdown for #COVID19 face violence where they should be safest: in their own homes.”

Research conducted by WHO reveals disturbing details regarding the physical, sexual, reproductive, and mental violence phased by women, during these times. women who experience physical or sexual abuse are twice as likely to have an abortion, and that experience nearly doubles their possibility of falling into depression or facing other mental health-related issues. In some regions, they are 1.5 times more likely to acquire HIV, and evidence exists that sexually assaulted women are 2.3 times more likely to have alcohol disorders. 87,000 women were intentionally killed in 2017, and more than half were killed by intimate partners or family members.

UNFPA has responded by working with trustworthy organizations and religious leaders to raise awareness of the heightened risks of gender-based violence during the pandemic. “We need to ensure that measures are in place to prevent, protect and mitigate the consequences of all forms of violence, stigma, and discrimination, especially those against women and girls during quarantine and self-isolation processes and procedures,” said Visare Mujko-Nimani, UNFPA’s head of office in Kosovo, as per the UN news.

Feature Image Credits: Europol

Kriti Gupta 

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We live in a democratic country with a constitutionally guaranteed right to freedom. Yet are we really free to make our own decisions?

When I ask you the question, “do we have free will”, all of you would have different opinions. However, when I rephrase the same as “are we in control of our actions”, most of you would agree. We tend to believe that our actions are freely chosen by us. I chose to wear a blue hoodie today. This was an action out of free will. But, was it really?

Libertarians’ view of free will suggests that human beings are autonomous and act unfettered from any external control. Our decisions are not influenced by any prior occurrences and we could have chosen differently given the same situation. In simple words, human beings are capable of entirely free actions. 

However, on the contrary, determinists happen to advocate a differing concept. They believe that all events occur as a result of pre-existing causes; nothing other than what does occur could occur. Now, these events may include something like a cart moving after being pushed, or even simply my decision to wear a blue hoodie. Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace, a French scholar, believed that the present state of the universe is the effect of the previous state and the cause of the one to follow it. This simply implies that the world is determined by cause and effect. Even Persian poet, Omar Khayyam, wrote in his collection of quatrains, Rubaiyat- And the first Morning of Creation wrote, What the Last Dawn of Reckoning shall read.

While libertarians may suggest that my decision to wear a blue hoodie today was not influenced by any prior event, hard determinists would question where this independent idea came from in the first place. Was this entirely random? Why did I decide to choose this over any other option? 

Hard determinists believe that all decisions made in our brains are a result of invisible causes that take place in our brains. The synthesis of beliefs along with desire and temperament causes a deliberate human action. For instance, my belief that my hoodie is comfortable and fetching, along with my desire for comfort, and my temperament to stay warm and look attractive, gives rise to my decision to wear the blue hoodie. 

Baron d’Holbach, a German-French philosopher, in his ‘system of nature’, suggests that man like matter, is governed by physical laws; everything is the inevitable result of what came before. For example, a cart moving after being pushed. One may argue that human decisions are not like physical objects and hence should not be bound by physical laws. However, our mental decisions are a result of neurological activities in our brain, which is a biological event in the physical world, hence being deterministic. D’Holbach proposes that the complexity of the sources of our actions makes it impossible to say why we behave as we do in some circumstances, and this inability to identify the causes of our actions encourages the illusion of free will.

So basically, every decision you’ve ever made is just an inevitable result of a combination of a bunch of mental activities. Every decision you’ve ever made has already been determined. 

Happy human rights day!

Feature Image Credits: Human Rights Watch

Aditi Gutgutia
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Here’s a piece on how each of your actions matter and you at an individual level can bring up the changes for a brighter and better future by your own little deeds.

The Sustainable Development Goals have suddenly gained their required attention and have become the talk of the town.
But the question arises, what are they and how do they concern us? Are they just a matter of concern for international authorities like the United Nations which where behind its inception or can we do our part in executing them?

Understanding SDGs:
The SDGs are a set of 17 goals unanimously adopted by the member nations of the United Nations in order to make the vision come true of a world where the planet is protected and people live a life of peace and happiness in all spheres. These are also known as the ‘Global Goals’ and were created in 2015 with an aim in mind to achieve them all by 2030.

It might sound overambitious and all too daunting to aim to achieve every single one of them but here are some ways in which we can do our bit to achieve them.

SDG 02: No Hunger
Cook some food, go out and offer it to someone in need. Who knows one kind action on your part might just turn into the most wholesome and healthy meal a person gets in their entire day.

SDG 03: Good Health and Well Being
Take out time for yourself.Take a day off, read a book or just eat healthy. It’s the small actions that build strong bridges over the course of time.

SDG 04: Quality Education
If you are reading this article, consider yourself as the fortunate ones who have had access to not only education but internet and other facilities too. Take out an hour everyday or every alternate from your schedule to teach the children of the labourers working around you. One hour might be insignificant to you but it holds the might to bring changes in the life of a child.
SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
It’s time to bring into action the words we learnt in childhood. ‘Reduce. Reuse. Recycle.’ is the need of the hour. Smallest acts such as carrying paper or jute bags are actions which can bring amazing changes not only in one’s actions but the environment too!

SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
Take the public transport! Having sustainable cities is vital for our survival. Small actions which can lead to reduction in pollution emissions or walking the distance are some of the tiniest changes which maximum positive benefits!

SDG 14: Life below Water

Quit straws and plastic bottles! These are two of the things most popular amongst usage but at the same time equally harmful if not more. Explore new alternatives like paper straws and support people bringing such unique initiatives across.

These are just a few of the many Global Goals ahead of us, ones which call and demand action from each one of us. This article is here, to get you brainstorming on how you can do your bit in achieving the goals for a sustainable tomorrow.

Imagine each one of us taking these steps even if that’s just once a week. What monumental changes we can bring across!

In the words of Ban Ki Moon, “Sustainable development is the pathway to the future we want for all. It offers a framework to generate economic growth, achieve social justice, exercise environmental stewardship and strengthen governance.

Get up, get going. The world awaits you!


Image Credits: United Nations Development Program

Amrashree Mishra

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The UN celebrates its 73rd UN Day on 24th October this year. Here is a look at why this organisation continues to be important to us.

The United Nations (UN) again gears up for the UN Day on 24th October, marking the ratification of the 1945 UN Charter that officially established the international organisation. The 73rd UN Day is a reminder to the organisation to face the new dangers that the world faces today, and work towards its mitigation.  

In a public lecture to students, journalists, and officials from around New Delhi on 2nd October 2018, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Gueteres made the pitch for global terrorism and climate change being the greatest threats to humanity today. He spoke about the need to support Rohingya refugees, the growing environmental hazards that endanger the future of the planet, and also criticised the US for backing out of the UN Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). In a speech in the 72nd General Assembly, Mr. Gueterres had listed the seven main threats faced by the world: nuclear peril, terrorism, unresolved conflicts, and violations of international humanitarian law, climate change, growing inequality, cyber warfare and misuse of artificial intelligence, and human mobility, or refugees.

In 2018, these issues remain as pertinent as ever as policy makers, politicians, and leaders come to terms with the new report released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which would claims that the world has just 12 years to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Failing this, we might have to deal with an apocalyptic-like situation with heat waves, annihilation of virtually all coral reefs, climate change refugees, melting of polar ice caps at unprecedented rates, not to mention the creation of climate change refugees. The report, another manifestation of the important information dissemination the UN does today, is a wake-up call that should serve to curl the toes of even the hardest of skeptics.  

The UN day has been a part of the UN Week which runs from 20th to 26th October and is devoted to making people know about the aims and achievements of the UN. The day came to be formally celebrated as UN Day from 1948 when the UN General Assembly declared that the day would follow such a course and also be used to drum up support for the work of the UN. Each year the UN Information Centres organises ceremonies, seminars, panel discussions, symposiums, art competitions, rallies, films screenings, book/photo exhibitions, and media campaigns to mark the day.

Often the UN has been called toothless and a “talking shop” for its apparent inability to contribute to solving the global problems because of the indecision of its members, the extraordinary veto powers of the UN Security Council members, its resistance to taking a tough stance on excesses of power by countries like the US, and its inability to curb its own excesses such as the sexual violence perpetrated by its Peacekeepers. However, the UN is important for the communitarian resistance it offers to global problems by bringing people and countries together, however symbolic its action may be. Hence, this UN Day, one can only hope that the UN, true to the spirit of the day, brings people together to address the impending dangers faced by the world. Even if it is for one day, talking, listening, and learning to solve our problems collectively can help us immensely in the long run.


Feature Image Credits: United Nations Peacekeeping

Sara Sohail

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The United Nations International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is an occasion for international institutions and non-governmental organizations to raise awareness about violence against women. It has been observed on 25th November each year since 2000.

O 25th November , 1960, three sisters, Patria Mercedes Mirabal, María Argentina Minerva Mirabal and Antonia María Teresa Mirabal, were assassinated in the Dominican Republic, on the orders of the then Dominican ruler Rafael Trujillo. The Mirabel sisters faced this only because they fought hard to end the dictatorship. Activists on women’s rights have since observed a day against violence on the anniversary of the deaths of these women, from 1981. 25th November was designated as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women by the UN General Assembly in 1999. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) lists various forms of violence against women: rape and sexual harassment, child marriage, wife-beating, prostitution, female genital cutting/mutilation, dowry-related violence, trafficking, sexual violence during wars, forced sterilisation, and bride kidnapping. Violence against women also takes many forms of psychological abuse, intimidation, and harassment.

However, long after the Beijing Declaration in 1995 and many years after the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was embraced, some countries like Iran still don’t recognise feminist organisations, India denies armed conflict and caste, and everyone is disinclined to respect sexual rights for women, differences in sexual orientation, and gender identities.

Has violence against women become so run-of-the-mill in India that we have ceased to take note of it? Do we need anniversaries, like 16th December, to remind us of something that happens every day? Gender violence happens every day, everywhere in every form. Yet, we only take note when something horrific, like the gang rape in Delhi, happens, which reeks with barbarity. It mobilised people, who had never before been out on the streets, to shout that this culture of violence must end. That was five years ago. Today, that culture of violence remains ingrained still. It is terrifying to think that women will get beaten up on the pretext of being witches, and that girls, no matter how many years old, will be assaulted physically. It includes crimes that we don’t read about in the newspapers. Violence has been normalised in India and elsewhere, because it takes place behind closed doors where there are no eyes and no cameras.

Meanwhile, as women and historically suppressed communities have (just about) started to gain a toehold into the mainstream through political representation, ‘hyper chauvinism’ has reached newer heights, still. The increase in violence against women and minorities and attempts to criminalise alternate sexualities orientations and vehement moral policing and discourses on love-jihad‘ are all part of a backlash against discerned threats to male supremacy. What is to be done, then? Feminism is not a challenge to the men of the society; it is a challenge against patriarchy.

The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence, a global campaign spanning from 25th November through 10th December (UN Human Rights Day), is taking place this year against the backdrop of global outcry. Millions have marched as part of the #MeToo campaign and have exposed the sheer quantum of sexual harassment and other forms of violence that women everywhere suffer, each day. At the center of this year’s theme, “Leave No One Behind – End Violence against Women”, for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (25 November), it is the imperative to support those who are particularly vulnerable, and to even reach out to the last woman. This November 25, break the silence on gender violence. Women need to thrive, not survive.


This post was aided by information from here and here.

Feature Image Credits: UN

Oorja Tapan

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The world celebrates UN Day on 24th October. In light of the various crises which continue to plague humanity, the United Nations struggles to become more democratic and gain a stronger foothold in decreasing the differences between developed and developing countries.


The world has changed dramatically since the United Nations was established after World War II, but the global peace-seeking organisation has failed to adapt to reflect the norms and constructs of the 21st century. Many experts believe it to be a reincarnation of the League of Nations, which was a liberal, idealist manifestation of hope, cooperation, and peace amongst nations after the end of World War I. Liberalism received a severe blow by fascism and the power politics of nations, and one major fault of the League was that it did not pay heed to the interests of great powers and consequentially collapsed. The UN overcame this flaw and took exclusive care of the victorious nations and constituted the UN Security Council (UNSC) with the P5 nations (permanent five members) to reflect the global order. However, certain discrepancies in logistics run stark and need to be questioned. How is it that the second largest continent, Africa, has no representation? How is it that only one member, China, from all of Asia represents the whole of it (excluding India that represents 17% of the world population)? Instead of France, shouldn’t the European Union play a prominent role now? Over the course of decades, demands have been raised for greater democratisation and transparency in the United Nations.

The UN has proven to be incompetent in tackling the crises plaguing various nations, including Yemen, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, and Lebanon. With the US and Russia playing their own power rivalry over oil and Arab nationalism, the UN’s dormancy in this spectrum has allowed jihad to be perceived as a monster of its own kind. There has also been a situation of near-paralysis at the UNSC on Syria and Ukraine. Observed over various spheres, deserving countries like Japan, India, Germany, South Africa, Nigeria, etc., have no say in the big game. Politics, yet again, gains supremacy in dealing with terrorism as exemplified in China’s veto not to name Masood Azhar in the UN blacklist of terrorists. All 193 member states contribute to the UN’s regular budget and a separate peacekeeping budget, but some countries are chronically behind on their payments. In early November 2014, members owed about $3.5 billion for regular operations and peacekeeping. Furthermore, the fact that the organisation responsible for maintaining international order has never produced a female Secretary-General itself is astounding.

As the UN celebrates its 72nd anniversary this 24th October, it is important to accept the fact that the global organisation has still failed in ensuring a more equitable world order at the economic, diplomatic, social, and political fronts. It did succeed in bringing global civil society together, but it needs to introspect on whether it has achieved its global goals of equity, democracy, and peace. This multilateral world awaits a stronger and bolder United Nations.


Feature Image Credits: CoinDesk


Oorja Tapan
[email protected]

We take a look at the Rohingyas’ history, the reason for their torture, Aung San Suu Kyi’s silence, India’s stand on the issue.

The Rohingyas are an Indo-Aryan tribe whose existence in the Indian subcontinent (before it disintegrated into Bangladesh and Myanmar) dates back to the 8th century. They have lived in the Rakhine state of Myanmar for most of their lives, and constitute mainly of Muslims and a small section of Hindus.

Most of the Rohingyas lived in the northern area of the Rakhine state, which used to be a sprawling land of hills, beaches, and fertile agriculture before the infamous 1962 Burmese coup d’état. Subsequently, in 1982 and then in the 2000s, the Burmese torture upon the Rohingyas continued. Ever since then, the government and some high-profile lawyers have tried hard to invalidate the Rohingyas’ existence by tampering with evidence.

The Rohingyas have suffered from ethno-nationalist bigotry at the hands of the Burmese military for decades because the military considers them as ‘Muslim intruders’ in the largely Buddhist Myanmar. Their taking the side of the British during World War II added fuel to the fire, as the Rakhine residents were pro-Japanese. Their houses were torched, women raped, and the minority tortured, which is why the United Nations (UN) has called it ‘a slow genocide’.

Aung San Suu Kyi is a revolutionary in Myanmar and the world applauds her for it. When we think of her, we think of complex concepts like resilience, peace, and patience. Her journey from Lady Shri Ram College (LSR) to winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 and to winning the general elections has inspired students, and reformed and reshaped the global political sphere. Her role in establishing democracy in the country has been imperative, but her role after being elected as the State Counsellor (de facto Prime Minister) has been nothing but disappointing.

The treatment of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar is loathsome, and Suu Kyi’s silence on the matter even more so. Silence from a leader with a platform to implement change, in this specific matter, is the worst crime against basic human rights. Along with this is the denial of well-documented evidence and obstruction of humanitarian aid. The UN has time and again called this section of the society as “the world’s most persecuted minority”, and this description has not changed since she took office.

Kiren Rijiju, the Minister for Home Affairs, has declared that the 40,000 Rohingyas distributed across Indian states will be deported. Neither Bangladesh nor India has the resources to harbour this community. The community also poses a threat on the safety frontier. The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) allegedly has connections with Al-Qaeda, and lately, with ISIS too. These connections can spread like wildfire among the refugees in India and elsewhere. On the other hand, a community this vulnerable and oppressed, with hardly any country to turn to, is the responsibility of all better placed nations. In fact, the UN’s intervention has already failed to restore peace and order in the West so far as the rehabilitation of Syrian refugees is concerned. If the global community is not careful, the Rohingyas’ mass displacement could become an even greater crisis, this time plaguing the East. And then, the fault will lie squarely on these nations’ shoulders. The need of the hour is therefore for Myanmar to take its people back with peace and harmony, and for other nations to convince Myanmar regarding the same.


Feature Image Credits: The Indian Express

Prachi Mehra
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Bhavya Banerjee
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Some archaic manuscripts dating back to the thirteenth century have acquainted us with the name of Razziya al-din, popularly known throughout the history as Razia Sultan, the only female ruler of both the Sultanate and the Mughal period. In defiance of the customary norms, Razia spurned the usage of the title “Sultana”, meaning the wife or mistress of the Sultan, and instead, and quite magnificently if one tries to imagine, answered only to the title of “Sultan”. Nearly eight centuries later, another Razia Sultan has answered to a custom in defiance.

Born in the Nanglakhumba Village of Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, a coy and dainty Razia Sultan has received the first United Nations Malala Award for educating child labourers. She will also be commended as the United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education’s Youth Courage Award for Education. The silent revolutionary odyssey began when Razia was rescued by a non-governmental organization from the job of stitching footballs in decrepit tenements in her village, a job she had been doing since the age of four like many other girls. Subsequently, in a heralding development, Razia attended school and became the chieftain to the cause of other child labourers, having rescued 48 children till now. Eventually, Razia expanded her frontiers and voiced the need for child education outside her district and even other countries like Nepal, prudently backed by the non-governmental organization all the way.

While on one hand there is a world where people know the counterproductive trivia about Jabulani football except the cryptic information as to how or where it is made, on the other hand there’s a world where people do not know anything but ‘that’ cryptic information. For instance, Razia Sultan’s father not at all wary of the importance of the honour conferred on his daughter by the United Nations, was quoted as saying, “We didn’t even know that this award is of great importance. Now, we are feeling very proud of her. I cannot express my happiness in words.”

Elated as Razia is, she is not keen to be swept by the mesmerising adulation and considers the honour as a step closer towards her real goal to spread child education because for all she knows, stitching footballs was never her calling in life. And for all we know, though we have no means to affirm it, Razziya al-din would have taken pride in the magnitude of justice done to her name.

(Also see: Malala Yousafzai: The Voice of Change)

On 9th October 2012, terror was prepared to claim it’s next victim- Malala Yousafzai. A young activist fighting for the girl’s right to education in the Swat district of Pakistan, Malala was shot by Taliban on her way home from school. But as fate would have it, the fighter was not going to succumb to a metal cylinder.

The terror attack could not dampen her spirits or her will to live and after a long struggle against death, she is back on her feet, determined to finish what she started. In her first speech at the United Nations on 12th  July 2012, Malala spoke about terrorism, education, peace and the empowered woman of today. The address was a celebration of the teenager’s birthday and what the world organisation labelled as the “Malala Day”.

They thought that the bullets would silence us, but they failed. Weakness, Fear and Hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage was born.

As I watch that 16 year old girl speak, I am both dumbstruck and amazed. With her humble attire yet determined beliefs, the only instant emotion is respect. For one, her confidence and strength is far beyond the number of her age. The forgiveness imbibed is an inspiration for any non-believer.

In her near 18-minute speech, Yousafzai talked about how the dreams of young children are being crushed in the wake of terrorism, child labour, poverty and handicapped prejudices. Drawing inspiration from great leaders like Nelson Mandela, Mother Teresa, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Mahatma Gandhi, Malala plans to tread the path of non-violence in her fight against terrorism and discrimination against the girl child. It’s not about anyone’s personal vendetta, it’s about fighting for change and a life of dignity, peace and equal opportunities. Education is the biggest weapon that humanity has against terrorism. Educating children would mean saving them from falling prey to the stunted ideologies of a few who believe in wrecking havoc and claiming lives of innocent people for their personal satisfaction.

A girl who was shot just because she wanted education has much to complain about. But instead of using this as platform to voice her anger against all those who have wronged her, she used this opportunity to lend her voice to those who have been silenced by terrorism, oppression and discrimination. Malala demands education even for the children of the very Talibs that shot her.

The extremists are afraid of books and pens. The power of education frightens them. They are afraid of women. The power of the voice of women frightens them.

The speech and the journey of Yousafzai raises yet another grave concern. Which way is humanity headed? In a world where the children are killed for demanding their rights and thousands of innocent people are executed just because they happened to be at the wrong place at the wrong time, how can any of us expect a stable future? Even if after progressing to a stage where a computer means a window to the entire world, if the security and well being of millions is questionable, then all this progress has been for nothing. While one child is blowing up money buying expensive phones and another is off to study in a University half way across the world, others are not only being deprived of bare necessities but his very existence is under the scanner in the face of terrorism. And why just children, men-women, rich-poor, Indian-French- is the certainty of returning back home safely, without being caught in a cross fire of degenerated ideologies too much to ask for?

‘We realize the importance of light when we see darkness. We realize the importance of our voice when we are silenced.’

If the voices of freedom are not raised soon enough, they’ll be bound and chained by their own cowardice.

Let there be several voices that are raised. Let there be more Malalas.