All You Need to Know About NEP 2020

The New Education Policy 2020 is set to reform the entire Indian education system, dating back to a significant number of years. Read below to find out all you need to know about this controversial education oriented government policy.

Aim of NEP 2020

The National Education Policy, 2020 will replace the 34 years old NEP, 1986. It aims to bring transformational reforms in school and higher education systems, so that it can be made more equitable and vibrantly knowledgeable. It also focuses upon developing a deep sense of respect towards fundamental rights, duties and constitutional values.

Background of NEP

In May 2016, The committee for evolution of New Education Policy, under the chairmanship of Late T.S.R Subramanian, former cabinet secretary, submitted its final report. Based upon which, The Ministry of Human resources development (MHRD) prepared inputs for ‘The Draft Education Policy’, 2016.

In June 2017, the Committee for Draft Education Policy was constituted under the chairmanship of Dr K Kasturirangan, which submitted Draft National Education Policy, 2019. NEP 2020 was formulated after consulting over 2 lakh suggestions from 2.5 lakh gram panchayats, 6600 blocks and 676 districts.

Some of the Key changes to be brought by NEP 

  • A total of 6% of the GDP would be allotted to the growth and development of the educational sector.
  • Early childhood care and education (ECCE) to be delivered via anganwadis and pre schools. This if implemented successfully will contribute in increasing the literacy rate to a considerable amount.
  • Replacement of the existing 10+2 structure of school education with a of 5+3+3+4 system of education. 
    • 5 yrs of foundational stage (class 1-2) (3 yrs for pre school + 2 yrs for primary education)
    • 3 yrs of preparatory stage (class 3-5)
    • 3 yrs for middle stage (class 6-8)
    • 4 yrs of high stage (class 9-12)
  • Complete Freedom for choosing subject combination with no rigid separation between curricular, extra-curricular, Sciences or humanities would be provided to students in school. For instance a  student if willing would be able to study Geography with Physics under this system.
  • Board examinations would be kept but the entire curriculum would be redesigned to test the knowledge and intellectual abilities of students. A student would be able take them twice in an year, one as a part of the main examination and other for improvement.
  • The Medium of instruction till grade five would be the home language/mother tongue/local language of the area in which the school would be located. It would be up to the school authorities to decide their local language of instruction till grade five.
  • Indian Sign Language (ISL) would be standardized all across the country.Funds devoted towards the promotion of gender inclusivity for females and transgender students would be created.
  • By 2030, minimum degree qualification for teaching will be 4 year integrated B.Ed (Bachelor of Education)
  • Areas accommodating Socio-economically disadvantaged group of people would be  declared as Special Education Zones (SEZs)
  • All higher education institutions would be consolidated under 3 categories:
    • Research Universities
    • Teaching Universities
    • Autonomous degree granting colleges
  • Both public as well as private higher education institutions would be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and academic standards.

Feature Image Credits: Times of India

Navneet Kaur